Boeing

B&W 1

B40

B80

B247

B307

B360   

B707  

B727  

B737
   

B747   

B757  

B767  

B777
     


B-17
Flying Fortress
 

.
B-29
Superfortress 

.
B-47
Stratojet 

B-52
Stratofortress 


C-17
Globemaster III
 
,

,
CH-46
Sea Knight 
 

CH-47
Chinook ,

E-3
Sentinal
 

FB
.

F4B   
.

KB-50
Superfortress 

KC-135
Stratotanker 

P-12
.
 

P-26
Peashooter 

RB-47
Stratojet
 

T-43 
.

.

VC-25 
.

VC-137 
.

WB-50
Superfortress 

Bird of Prey 
.

X-40 
.

X-45
 
.
   

The Boeing Company is an American multinational aerospace and defense corporation. Founded in 1916 by William E. Boeing in Seattle, Washington, the company has expanded over the years, and merged with McDonnell Douglas in 1997. Boeing moved its corporate headquarters from Seattle to Chicago, Illinois, in 2001. Boeing is made up of multiple business units, which are Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA); Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS); Engineering, Operations & Technology; Boeing Capital; and Boeing Shared Services Group.

Boeing is among the largest global aircraft manufacturers, and the third largest aerospace and defense contractor in the world based on defense-related revenue. The company is the largest exporter by value in the US, and its stock is a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

 In March 1910, William E. Boeing bought Heath's shipyard in Seattle on the Duwamish River, which later became his first airplane factory. Boeing was incorporated in Seattle by William Boeing, on July 15, 1916, as "Pacific Aero Products Co.". Boeing, who studied at Yale University, worked initially in the timber industry, where he became wealthy and acquired knowledge about wooden structures. This knowledge would prove invaluable in his subsequent design and assembly of airplanes. The company stayed in Seattle to take advantage of the local supply of Spruce wood.

William Boeing founded his company a few months after the June 15 maiden flight of one of the two "B&W" seaplanes built with the assistance of George Conrad Westervelt, a U.S. Navy engineer. Boeing and Westervelt decided to build the B&W seaplane after having flown in a Curtiss aircraft. Boeing bought a Glenn Martin "Flying Birdcage" seaplane (so called because of all the guy-wires holding it together) and was taught to fly by Glenn Martin himself. Boeing soon crashed the Birdcage and when Martin informed Boeing that replacement parts would not become available for months, Boeing realized he could build his own plane in that amount of time. He and his friend Cdr. G.C. Westervelt agreed to build a better airplane and soon produced the B&W Seaplane.  This first Boeing airplane was assembled in a lakeside hangar located on the northeast shore of Seattle's Lake Union. Many of Boeing's early planes were seaplanes.

On May 9, 1917, the company became the "Boeing Airplane Company". In late 1917, the US entered World War I and Boeing knew that the US Navy needed seaplanes for training. So Boeing shipped two new Model Cs to Pensacola, Florida where the planes were flown for the Navy. The Navy liked the Model C so much that they ordered fifty more.  The company moved its operations to a larger former shipbuilding facility known as Boeing Plant 1, located on the lower Duwamish River.

When World War I ended in 1918, a large surplus of cheap, used military planes flooded the commercial airplane market, and this prevented aircraft companies like Boeing from selling any new airplanes. Because of this, many airplane companies went out of business, but other companies, including Boeing, started selling other products. Boeing built dressers, counters, and furniture, along with flat-bottom boats called Sea Sleds.

Milestones

  • In 1923, Boeing began a competition against Curtiss for a contract to develop a pursuit fighter for the U.S. Army Air Service. Although Curtiss finished its design first and was awarded the contract, Boeing continued to develop its PW-9 fighter. That plane, along with the Boeing P-12/ F4B fighter, made Boeing a leading manufacturer of fighters over the course of the next decade.
  • In 1925, Boeing built its Model 40 mail plane for the US government to use on airmail routes. In 1927, an improved version of this plane was built, the Model 40A. The 40A won the U.S. Post Office's contract to deliver mail between San Francisco and Chicago. The 40A also had a passenger cabin that accommodated two passengers.
  • On July 27, 1929, the 12-passenger Boeing 80 biplane made its first flight. With three engines, it was Boeing's first plane built with the sole intention of being a passenger transport. An upgraded version, the 80A, carrying eighteen passengers, made its first flight in September 1929.[12]
  • In 1930, the Monomail, a low-wing monoplane that carried mail, was built. Built entirely out of metal, it was very fast and aerodynamic, and it also had retractable landing gear. In fact, its design was so revolutionary that the engines and propellers of the time could not handle the plane. By the time controllable pitch propellers were developed, Boeing was building its Model 247 airliner. Two Monomails were built. The second one, the Model 221, had a 6-passenger cabin.
  • In 1933 the revolutionary Boeing 247 was introduced, the first truly modern airliner. The 247 was an all-metal low-wing monoplane that was much faster, safer, and easier to fly than other passenger aircraft. For example, it was the first twin engine passenger aircraft that could fly on one engine. In an era of unreliable engines, this vastly improved flight safety. Boeing built the first sixty aircraft exclusively for its own United Airlines subsidiary's operations. This badly hurt competing airlines, and was typical of the anti-competitive corporate behavior that the US government sought to prohibit at the time.
  • In 1938, Boeing completed work on its Model 307 Stratoliner. This was the world’s first pressurized-cabin transport aircraft, and it was capable of cruising at an altitude of 20,000 feet (6,100 m) – above most weather disturbances. It was based on the B-17, using the same wings, tail and engines.
  • During World War II, Boeing built a large number of B-17 and B-29 bombers. Many of the workers were women whose husbands had gone to war. In the beginning of March 1944, production had been scaled up in such a manner that over 350 planes were built each month. To prevent an attack from the air, the manufacturing plants had been covered with greenery and farmland items. During these years of war the leading aircraft companies of the US cooperated. The Boeing-designed B-17 bomber was assembled also by Lockheed Aircraft Corp. and Douglas Aircraft Co., while the B-29 was assembled also by Bell Aircraft Co. and by Glenn L. Martin Company.
  • Boeing developed military jets such as the B-47 Stratojet and B-52 Stratofortress bombers in the late-1940s and into the 1950s. During the early 1950s, Boeing used company funds to develop the 367–80 jet airliner demonstrator that led to the KC-135 Stratotanker and Boeing 707 jetliner.
  • In 1958, Boeing began delivery of its 707, the United States' first commercial jet airliner, in response to the British De Havilland Comet, French Sud Aviation Caravelle and Soviet Tupolev Tu-104, which were the world’s first generation of commercial jet aircraft. With the 707, a four-engine, 156-passenger airliner, the US became a leader in commercial jet manufacture. A few years later, Boeing added a second version of this aircraft, the 720, which was slightly faster and had a shorter range.
  • Vertol Aircraft Corporation was acquired by Boeing in 1960, and was reorganized as Boeing's Vertol division. The twin-rotor CH-47 Chinook, produced by Vertol, took its first flight in 1961. This heavy-lift helicopter remains a work-horse vehicle up to the present day. In 1964, Vertol also began production of the CH-46 Sea Knight.
  • In December 1960, Boeing announced the model 727 jetliner, which went into commercial service about three years later. Different passenger, freight and convertible freighter variants were developed for the 727. The 727 was the first commercial jetliner to reach 1000 sales, and a few years later the 1500 mark was reached.
  • In 1967, Boeing introduced another short- and medium-range airliner, the twin-engine 737. It has become since then the best-selling commercial jet aircraft in aviation history. The 737 is still being produced, and continuous improvements are made. Several versions have been developed, mainly to increase seating capacity and range.
  • In January 1970, the first 747, a four-engine long-range airliner, flew its first commercial flight. This famous aircraft completely changed the way of flying, with its 450-passenger seating capacity and its upper deck. Boeing has delivered nearly 1,400 747s. The 747 has undergone continuous improvements to keep it technologically up-to-date. Larger versions have also been developed by stretching the upper deck. As of 2012, the 747 is still being produced, with its newest version being the 747-8.
  • In April 1994, Boeing introduced the most modern commercial jet aircraft at the time, the twin-engine 777, with a seating capacity of approximately 300 to 370 passengers in a typical three-class layout, in between the 767 and the 747. The longest range twin-engined aircraft in the world, the 777 was the first Boeing airliner to feature a "fly-by-wire" system and was conceived partly in response to the inroads being made by the European Airbus into Boeing’s traditional market. This aircraft reached an important milestone by being the first airliner to be designed entirely by using computer-aided design (CAD) techniques.  The 777 was also the first airplane to be certified for 180 minute ETOPS at entry into service by the FAA.
  • In August 1997, Boeing merged with McDonnell Douglas in a US$13 billion stock swap under the name The Boeing Company. However this name had actually been Boeing's official name previously adopted on May 21, 1961.   Following the merger, the McDonnell Douglas MD-95 was renamed the Boeing 717, and the production of the MD-11 was limited to the freighter version. Boeing introduced a new corporate identity with completion of the merger, incorporating the Boeing logo type and a stylized version of the McDonnell Douglas symbol, which was derived from the Douglas Aircraft logo from the 1970s.
  • n September 2001, Boeing moved its corporate headquarters from Seattle to Chicago. Chicago, Dallas and Denver – vying to become the new home of the world’s largest aerospace concern – all had offered packages of multimillion-dollar tax breaks.  Its offices are located in the Fulton River District, Chicago just outside the Loop, Chicago.
  • Boeing has achieved several consecutive launches, beginning with the formal launch of the 787 for initial delivery to All Nippon Airways. Rollout of the first 787 occurred on July 8, 2007, with the first flight taking place on December 15, 2009.

In May 2006, four concept designs being examined by Boeing were outlined in The Seattle Times based on corporate internal documents.  The research aims in two directions: low-cost airplanes, and environmental-friendly planes. Codenamed after the well-known Muppets, a design team known as the Green Team concentrated primarily on reducing fuel usage. All four designs illustrated rear-engine layouts.

  • "Fozzie" employs open rotors and would offer a lower cruising speed.
  • "Beaker" has very thin, long wings, with the ability to partially fold-up to facilitate easier taxiing.
  • "Kermit Kruiser" has forward swept wings over which are positioned its engines, with the aim of lowering noise below due to the reflection of the exhaust signature upward.
  • "Honeydew" with its delta wing design, resembles a marriage of the flying wing concept and the traditional tube fuselage.

As with most concepts, these designs are only in the exploratory stage, intended to help Boeing evaluate the potentials of such radical technologies.

Commercial  Aircraft

Aircraft model Variants in production Description Capacity First flight Out-of-production variants
40 None - 84 Built Single-engine biplane built to carry mail and passengers 2-4 1925  
80 None - 16 Built Three-engine biplane airliner 12 1928  
247 None - 74 Built Two-engine monoplane airliner 10 1933  
307
Stratoliner
None - 10 Built Four-Engine, pressurized airliner 33 1938  
314
Clipper
None - 12 Built Four-engine, flying boat airliner 74 1938  
377 Stratocruiser None - 56 Built Four-engine airliner
Civil development of the military C-97
63-84 1947  
707 / 720 None - 1,010 Built Mid-size, long-range,
narrow-body four-engine jet airliner
110-147 1957  
717 None - 156 Built Twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner 106-117 1998 Formerly the MD-95, evolved from the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 family
727 None - 1,832 Built Mid-size narrow-body three-engine jet airliner 149-189 1963  
737 700, 700ER, 800, 900ER, BBJ, C-40, AEW&C, P-8 Twin‑engine, single aisle, short- to medium-range narrow-body 85‑215 1967 100, 200, 200C, 200 Adv, 300, 400, 500, 600, 900
747 8I, 8F, BBJ Four‑engine, partial double deck, twin aisle main deck, single aisle upper deck, medium- to long-range widebody 467-605  1969 100, 100SR, 100B, 200, 200F, 200C, SP, 200M, 300, 300M, 300SR, 400, 400M, 400D, 400F, 400ER, 400ERF, VC-25, E-4
757 None - 1,050 Built Mid-size, narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner 200-289 1982  
767 200ER, 300ER, 300F, 400ER, KC-767, KC-46 Twin-engine, twin aisle, medium- to long-range widebody 180‑375  1981 200, E-767
777 200, 200ER, 200LR, 300, 300ER, Freighter Twin-engine, twin aisle, medium- to long-range, ultra long-range (200LR), large widebody 301‑550  1994
787 8 Twin-engine, twin aisle, long-range widebody 210-330  2009
737 MAX EIS 2017 A new 737 series based on 737NG with new engines      
Y1/737RS   Code name for the Boeing 737 and 757-200 replacement project    
Y3   Code name for the Boeing 747 and 777-300 replacement project      

Military Aircraft

Bombers

Rotorcraft

  • AH-6
  • CH-46 Sea Knight (Vertol Aircraft Corp.)
  • CH-47 Chinook (Vertol Aircraft Corp.)
  • Quad TiltRotor (with Bell Helicopter
  • V-22 Osprey (with Bell Helicopter)

Fighter and attack aircraft

Tankers and transports

Surveillance and other military

  • E-3 Sentry (an AWACS surveillance aircraft)
  • E-4B (Advanced Airborne Command Post)
  • E-6 Mercury
  • E-8 Joint STARS, ground battle management (Northrop Grumman)
  • E-10 MC2A (by Northrop Grumman, planned successor to the E-3, E-8, EC-135, project canceled)
  • E-767 (AEW&C)
  • EC-135
  • OC-135 Open Skies (3 Treaty on Open Skies observation aircraft)
  • Project Wedgetail (AEW&C)
  • P-8 Poseidon (Anti-submarine warfare)
  • RB-47 Stratojet
  • RC-135 Rivet Joint
  • T-43 navigator trainer
  • WB-50 Superfortress
  • WC-135 Constant Phoenix
  • YAL-1 Airborne Laser

Phantom Works

  • A160 Hummingbird UAV helicopter
  • Bird of Prey: stealth fighter UAV demonstrator
  • Condor: High Altitude Long Endurance concept drone
  • F/A-XX: sixth generation fighter concept
  • Phantom Eye: High Altitude Long Endurance, reconnaissance drone
  • Phantom Ray: Unmanned flying test bed for advanced air system technologies
  • Pelican ULTRA
  • X-32 Joint Strike Fighter
  • X-37 Advanced Technology Demonstrator
  • X-40 USAF Space Maneuver Vehicle (SMV) program
  • X-45 UCAV
  • X-48 Blended Wing Body demonstrator
  • X-51 Wave-rider: Hypersonic vehicle
  • X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing

Source: Wikipedia