COUNTY ORGANIZED: 1836
COUNTY NAMED FOR: Mata and gorda are two Spanish words meaning fat or thick plant, shrub, or plant growth, and had reference to canebrakes encountered by early colonists.
COUNTY SEATS: Two -
COUNTY SEAT NAMED FOR: The community is named for its location on Bay Prairie, between the richly productive bottomlands of the Colorado River and Caney Creek.
COURTHOUSES: Four - 1849,
1928, and 1965.
STANDING: One -1965 Modern reinforced concrete structure.