Yakovlev

Yak-3
 
Yak-9
"Frank"
 

The Yak Aircraft Corporation (formerly the A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau JSC) is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak). Its head office is in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow.

The bureau was formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev as OKB-115 (the design bureau has its own production base at the facility №115), but the birthday is considered on 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP (Head Agency of Aviation Industry) under the supervision of A.S. Yakovlev.

During World War II Yakovlev designed and produced a famed line of fighter aircraft.

It was merged into the Yak Aviation Company with Smolensk Aviation Plant Joint Stock Company in March 1992, although the two companies continued to be operated separately. It later underwent privatization and became Yak Aircraft Corporation. The Russian government is planning to merge the holding company with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation.

The firm is the designer of the Pchela (Russian: Пчела, "bee") drone reconnaissance aircraft and is perhaps best known for its highly successful line of World War II-era piston-engined fighter aircraft.

The name Yakovlev is used commonly in the West, but in Russia it is always abbreviated as Yak (Russian: Як) as a part of an aircraft name. The German transliteration, often used by the Russians, Poles, and others as well, is Jak.

Early aircraft

  • AVF-10 (1924 - glider)
  • AVF-20 (1925 - glider)
  • AIR-1/VVA-3/Ya-1 (1927 - biplane trainer)
  • AIR-2/Ya-2 (1928 - biplane trainer, improved AIR-1)
  • AIR-3/Ya-3 (1929 - high speed monoplane trainer developed from the AIR-2)
  • AIR-4/Ya-4 (1930 - improved AIR-3)
  • AIR-5 (1931 - airliner)
  • AIR-6/Ya-6 (1932 - airliner/air ambulance)
  • AIR-7/Ya-7 (1932 - high speed trainer/record-setting)
  • AIR-8 (1934 - liaison version of AIR-3)
  • AIR-9 (1935 - trainer/record-setting)
  • AIR-10/Ya-10 (1935 - precursor of UT-2)
  • AIR-11 (1936 - general purpose, 3-seat version of AIR-10)
  • AIR-12 (1936 - long-range racing aircraft)
  • AIR-14 (1936 - prototype of UT-1)
  • AIR-15/UT-15 (1938 - racing aircraft)
  • AIR-16 (1936 - 4-seat version of AIR-10)
  • AIR-17/Ya-17/UT-3 (1937 - 3-seat crew trainer)
  • AIR-18 (1937 - re-engined UT-1)
  • AIR-19/Ya-19 (1939 - civil version of UT-3)
  • Ya-20 (1937 - prototype of UT-2)
  • Ya-21/UT-21 (1938 - re-engined UT-1)
  • Ya-22/I-29 (1939 - multi role combat aircraft prototype)

Fighters

  • Yak-1 (1940 - WWII fighter)
  • Yak-3 (1943 - WWII fighter)
  • Yak-7 "Mark" (1941 - WWII single-seat fighter)
  • Yak-9 "Frank" (1942 - WWII fighter/bomber, improved Yak-7DI)
  • Yak-15 "Feather" (1946 - first successful Soviet jet fighter, developed from Yak-3U)
  • Yak-17 "Feather" (1947 - jet fighter, development of Yak-17)
  • Yak-23 "Flora" (1948 - fighter, development of Yak-15/Yak-17)
  • Yak-38 "Forger" (1975 - V/STOL shipborne fighter)

Bombers

  • Yak-2 (1940 - WWII bomber)
  • Yak-4/BB-22 (1941 - WWII bomber, improved Yak-2)
  • Yak-28 "Brewer" (1958 - multi-role bomber)
    • Yak-28P "Firebar" (1961 - long-range interceptor version of the Yak-28)

Airliners/transport

  • Yak-6/NBB (1943 - military transport/night bomber)
  • Yak-10 "Crow" (1945 - liaison, commuter transport)
  • Yak-14 "Mare" (1948 - military transport glider)
  • Yak-18T (1967 - 4 seat aerobatic trainer)
  • Yak-40 "Codling" (1966 - commercial passenger)
  • Yak-42 "Clobber" (1977 - commercial passenger, developed from Yak-40)
  • Yak-58 (1993 - light utility)
  • Yak-112 (1993 - general purpose)

Reconnaissance

  • Yak-25 "Flashlight" (1954 - interceptor)
  • Yak-27 "Flashlight" and "Mangrove" (1958 - fighter/reconnaissance)
  • Yakovlev Pchela (1990s - unmanned reconnaissance aircraft)
  • Yakovlev Yak Voron "Raven" ( - unmanned long-range aircraft)
  • Yakovlev Yak Albatro-Expert ( - unmanned reconnaissance aircraft)

Helicopters

  • Yak-24 "Horse" (1952 - transport helicopter)
  • Yak-100/Yak-22 (1948 - transport helicopter design)

Trainers

  • UT-1 (1936 - single-seat trainer)
  • UT-2 "Mink" (1937 - 2-seater trainer)
  • UT-3 (1937 - 3-seater trainer)
  • Yak-7 "Mark" (1941 - WWII 2-seat trainer)
  • Yak-11 "Moose" (1946 - trainer, developed from Yak-3)
  • Yak-17V/Yak-17UTI "Magnet" (1948 - trainer version of Yak-17)
  • Yak-18 "Max" (1946 - tandem two-seat military primary trainer)
  • Yak-18T (1967 - 4- or 5-seat civilian primary trainer)
  • Yak-20 (1950 - trainer)
  • Yak-21 (1947 - trainer)
  • Yak-28U "Maestro" (1962 - trainer version of the Yak-28)
  • Yak-30 "Magnum" (1960 - trainer prototype, designation reused)
  • Yak-32 "Mantis" (1960 - trainer, single-seat version of Yak-30)
  • Yak-50 (1975 - aerobatic aircraft)
  • Yak-52 (1974 - aerobatic and military trainer)
  • Yak-53 (1975 - aerobatic trainer, single-seat version of Yak-52)
  • Yak-54 (1994 - aerobatic trainer developed from the Yak-55M)
  • Yak-55 (1981 - aerobatic)
  • Yak-130 "Mitten" (1992 - trainer)
  • Yak-200 (1953 - multi-engined trainer)
  • Yak-210 (1953 - multi-engined navigator trainer developed from the Yak-200)

Experimental

  • Yak-3/I-26U/I-30 (1941 - WWII fighter prototype)
  • Yak-5/I-28 (1940 - WWII fighter prototype)
  • Yak-EG (1947 - experimental helicopter)
  • Yak-8 "Crib" (1944 - transport, improved Yak-6)
  • Yak-12 "Creek" (1946 - liaison, general purpose)
  • Yak-13 (1945 - improved Yak-10, prototype only)
  • Yak-16 "Cork" (1948 - civilian transport)
  • Yak-19 (1947 - prototype jet fighter)
  • Yak-25 (1947 - fighter prototype, designation reused)
  • Yak-26 "Flashlight" (1955 - tactical bomber, developed from Yak-25)
  • Yak-30 (1948 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-25)
  • Yak-33 (early 1960s - V/STOL fighter, bomber, reconnaissance aircraft project)
  • Yak-36 "Freehand" (1963 - VTOL demonstration aircraft)
  • Yak-41 "Freestyle" (1975 - early name for Yak-141 VTOL fighter)
  • Yak-43 (1983 - projected replacement for VTOL Yak-141 fighter)
  • Yak-141 "Freestyle" (1989 - prototype supersonic VTOL fighter)
  • Yak-44 (1980s - carrier-capable airborne early warning)
  • Yak-45 (1973 - failed air superiority fighter design)
  • Yak-46 (1990s - failed push prop design developed from the Yak-42)
  • Yak-50 (1949 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-30, designation reused)
  • Yak-60 (late 1960s - tandem-rotor heavy-lift helicopter design)
  • Yak-140 (1954 - light-weight experimental fighter)
  • Yak-140 (1955 - experimental fighter aircraft)
  • Yak-1000 (1951 - high-speed experimental aircraft)
  • VVP-6 (experimental VTOL transport and weapons platform)

Planned aircraft

  • Irkut MS-21 (proposed short- and medium-range airliner)
  • Yak-48 (1998 - proposed commercial passenger)
  • Yak-77 (1993 - proposed twin-engine business, regional commuter airliner)

International aircraft projects

  • Gulfstream G200
  • Hongdu Yakovlev CJ-7

Source: Wikipedia