Avro

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Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer, with numerous landmark designs such as the Avro 504 trainer in the First World War, the Avro Lancaster, one of the pre-eminent bombers of the Second World War, and the delta wing Avro Vulcan, a stalwart of the Cold War.

Avro was founded on 1 January 1910 by Alliott Verdon Roe at the Brownfield Mill on Great Ancoats Street in Manchester. The company remained based primarily in Lancashire throughout its 53 years of existence with key developmental and manufacturing sites in Alexandra Park, Trafford Park and Chadderton.

In 1945, Hawker Siddeley Group purchased the former Victory Aircraft firm in Malton, Ontario, and renamed the operation A.V. Roe Canada Limited.  Commonly known as Avro Canada, it was actually a subsidiary of the Hawker Siddeley Group and used the Avro name for trading purposes.

When the company was absorbed into Hawker Siddeley Aviation in July 1963, the Avro name ceased to be used. The brand still had a strong heritage appeal, and the marketing name "Avro RJ" (regional jet) was used by British Aerospace for production of the RJ-85 and RJ-100 models of the BAe 146 from 1994 to 2001. This aircraft type is sometimes also loosely called the "Avro 146".

The BAe ATP (Advanced Turbo Prop) design evolved from the Avro 748 and examples continue in use on shorter, mainly domestic, scheduled air services. A few Avro 504s, Tutors, Ansons and Lancasters, along with a single Vulcan, XH558 are maintained in flying condition as reminders of the heritage of this influential English company. At 39 years, the noisy but impressive Shackleton held the distinction of being the aircraft with the longest period of active RAF service, until overtaken by the English Electric Canberra in 1998.

 

Aircraft Rotorcraft
  • Roe I Biplane
  • Roe I Triplane
  • Roe II Triplane (Also known as the Mercury)
  • Roe III Triplane
  • Roe IV Triplane
  • Roe Type D
  • Avro Curtiss type (Also known as the Lakes Water Bird)
  • Avro Duigan
  • Avro 500 (Type E)
  • Roe-Burga monoplane
  • Roe Type F
  • Roe Type G
  • Avro 501 (Type H)
  • Avro 502
  • Avro 503 (Type H)
  • Avro 504
  • Avro 508
  • Avro 509 – proposed twin engined tractor biplane seaplane, not built.
  • Avro 510
  • Avro 511
  • Avro 519
  • Avro 521
  • Avro 523 Pike
  • Avro 527
  • Avro 528
  • Avro 529
  • Avro 530
  • Avro 531 Spider
  • Avro 533 Manchester
  • Avro 534 Baby
  • Avro 536
  • Avro 539
  • Avro 547
  • Avro 548
  • Avro 549 Aldershot
  • Avro 552
  • Avro 555 Bison
  • Avro 557 Ava
  • Avro 558
  • Avro 560
  • Avro 561 Andover
  • Avro 562 Avis
  • Avro 566 Avenger
  • Avro 571 Buffalo
  • Avro 581
  • Avro 584 Avocet
  • Avro 594 Avian
  • Avro 604 Antelope
  • Avro 613
  • Avro 616 Avian
  • Avro 618 Ten
  • Avro 619 Five
  • Avro 621 Tutor
  • Avro 624 Six
  • Avro 626 Prefect
  • Avro 627 Mailplane
  • Avro 631 Cadet
  • Avro 636 (1935)
  • Avro 638 Club Cadet (1933)
  • Avro 641 Commodore (1935)
  • Avro 642 Eighteen
  • Avro 643 Cadet
  • Avro 652
  • Avro 652A Anson (1935)
  • Avro 671 Rota (1935)
  • Avro 679 Manchester (1939)
  • Avro 683 Lancaster (1941)
  • Avro 684 (1941)
  • Avro 685 York (1942)
  • Avro 688 Tudor (1945)
  • Avro 689 Tudor
  • Avro 691 Lancastrian (1943)
  • Avro 694 Lincoln (1944)
  • Avro 695 Lincolnian (1949)
  • Avro 696 Shackleton (1949)
  • Avro 698 Vulcan (1952)
    • Avro Vulcan XH558
    • Avro Vulcan XM655
  • Avro 701 Athena (1948)
  • Avro 707 (1949)
  • Avro 706 Ashton (1950)
  • Avro 720
  • Avro 722 Atlantic (1953)
  • Avro 730
  • Avro 734
  • Avro 748 (1960) – became the Hawker Siddeley Andover, HS 748 and BAe 748
  • Avro 574 – Cierva C.6
  • Avro 586 – Cierva C.8
  • Avro 576 – Cierva C.9
  • Avro 612 – Cierva C.17
  • Avro 620 – Cierva C.19
  • Avro 671 Rota – Cierva C.30
  • Avro 665 - cierva C.33
  • Avro 668 - Cierva C.38
  • Cierva C.12

Unbuilt projects

  • Avro 720 – planned rocket interceptor, to OR.301 as for the SR.53. Cancelled before flight.
  • Avro 730 – planned supersonic bomber, never completed
  • Avro 734 – planned long-range decoy air-launched by Vulcans

Avro Canada

Unbuilt projects

  • Avro Canada CF-103 (mock-up only)
  • Avro Canada Project Y-1 (mock-up only)
  • Avro Canada Project Y-2 (scale test models only)
  • Avro Canada PV-704 (built as engine test model only)
  • Avro Canada TS-140

 

 

Source: Wikipedia